Caterpillars of many moths and butterflies eat the foliage. Each flower is about 5mm (1/4") across, consisting of 5 spreading petals, a calyx with 5 lobes, 5 stamens, and a central pistil. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. The sap was also used as a treatment for warts. This and other species of true sumac usually grow in pure stands that propagate themselves by rhizomes. Common in anthropogenic habitats in much of its introduced range, less common in natural areas. From what I have seen, Smooth Sumac is the most common species found in the wild in the Southeastern part of the state. Used as a landscaping tree/shrub. Leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. Staghorn sumac gets its name from its thick, velvety upper branches, which resemble the antlers of young male deer. Sumac serves primarily as a winter emergency food for wildlife. A few studies show it lowers total cholesterol. The bark of a young staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). Fox squirrels and cottontail rabbits eat sumac bark. It grows to about 25 feet tall and has an irregular, open crown with a flat top. The tangy, acidic taste gave the tree its other common name: the vinegar tree. Fruit a dense, upright cluster of fuzzy red berries. Staghorn sumac grows up to 15’ tall. The flowers of the tree are edible (for people) and contain lots of vitamin C. Staghorn sumac is native to the eastern parts of Canada and the U.S. By late summer it has beautiful autumn-coloured foliage and the fruit is a brilliant crimson red. Staghorn sumac gets its name from its thick, velvety upper branches, which resemble the antlers of young male deer. Since this Instructable deals with power tools and knives, work with caution and wear safety equipment when necessary. Staghorn sumac has alternate, pinnately compound leaves, 1’-2’ long, with serrated edges. Native Americans also use the fruits of smooth sumac and staghorn sumac (R. glabra and R. typhina) to make a beverage known as sumac-ade, Indian lemonade or rhus juice. Also known as velvet sumac due to its soft, fuzzy twigs, staghorn sumac is familiar to most people. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) and the Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra). Leaflets have one to a few teeth at the base, but the rest of the leaflet margin is not serrated. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) grows just about anywhere and everywhere all across the eastern part of the United States. Strain the juice through several layers of cheesecloth, then add sugar to taste, stirring well. However, the big difference is that the poison sumac has clusters of grayish white berries that hang down, and it tends to grow exclusively in low, wet, or flooded areas such as swamps. a large open shrub or weedy tree; flat-topped crown ; colonizes and suckers; 15' to 25' tall; spread si difficult to determine because it colonizes; coarse texture; fast growth rate; Summer Foliage. There’s nothing like a tasty plant that just loves to … The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. Virginia State Arboretum. The bark of a young staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). Foliage emits a strong and often unpleasant nutty smell when crushed. Flower: Species is usually dioecious; small, with yellow-green petals, borne on upright, dense terminal cluster up to 8 inches long, appearing in mid-summer. It has a south-facing exposure, shallow soil with regular irrigation. Habitat. The staghorn sumac plants produce a milky latex that will stain your clothes dark brown. The rubbing of an antler leaves ragged bits of bark at both the top and bottom of the rub. Staghorn Sumac Jul 12, 2020 16:05:36 GMT -6 via mobile . Bark on older wood is smooth and grey to brown. This distinguishes poison sumac from our Herb of the Week friend staghorn sumac, which has red, upright berries, saw-toothed leaves, and fuzzy bark. The bark on young parts is thin, smooth, and dark brown to yellowish-brown with prominent lenticels. Habitat. The upper branchlets are densely covered with with short, brown, hairs. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August. The leaves are alternate and contain 11-31 toothed leaflets. Description: Shrub or small tree, 1.22-4.47 meters (4-15ft) high. The bark, leaves and fruit are all rich with tannin and thus used to tan hides. straight branch of staghorn sumac (or any other wood with a soft pith, such as willow), 3-4" long with a 1/2" diameter ; a few twigs, stripped of bark, with a 1/4" diameter; Tools . Staghorn sumac has alternate, compound leaves, 40 to 60 cm (16 to 24") long. staghorn sumac Anacardiaceae Rhus typhina L. symbol: RHTY Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 16 to 24 inches long, with 11 to 31 lanceolate leaflets with serrate margins each 2 to 5 inches long, rachis fuzzy; green above and paler below. The bark of black walnut (Juglans nigra) is very different than its look-alikes, developing ridges and furrows even on small trees (Photo by Ryan Davis). They are spectacular in the fall… sumac is some of the best autumn foliage around, turning brilliant shades of red, orange, and yellow. native to Canada down through the United States; zone 4 ; Habit and Form. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and Short-tongued bees, flies, and wasps visit the flowers for pollen, while carpenter bees occasionally burrow into the stems. All it needs is an abandoned field, highway median or roadside ditch and it’s happy as can be. Fruits are hairy, red, and arranged in a pyramidal structure. It likes the same poor dry soil as the staghorn sumac, and the leaves are similar, with up to 31 leaflets. When a deer or moose strips bark off a tree to eat it, the de-barked area is torn only at one end — the deer grabs one end of the strip of bark and tears it off of the tree. Staghorn sumac is an open land species often found on drier soils, but which may occasionally occur on low ground. The bark is smooth and silvery, interrupted by rough black nodes. These studies were done on animals. The plant flowers from May-July with huge whitish-yellow clusters of tiny flowers. Young twigs and stems of leaves and leaflets hairless. The berries, roots, inner bark, and leaves of smooth and staghorn sumac were used to make dyes of various colors. Both grow similar stacks of closely clustered, fuzzy red drupes and, as I began to learn about the Staghorn Sumac that grew around me, I began to learn that it also has a long culinary usage. Caution: The milky sap of Rhus spp. Staghorn Sumac Medicinal Uses. The stems are yellow-brown and fuzzy and resemble the velvet covering developing deer antlers. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! The Natchez used the root of fragrant sumac to treat boils. Staghorn sumac grows in an open form that can grow up to 7 metres (25') tall and can be as equally wide. But as it is totally different from pine pitch scent and other common natural perfumes, it seems strange and even "scary"). Staghorn Sumac… Leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. browse/bark. It is approximately 18” x 15”. It is approximately 18” x 15”. But staghorn sumac is not poisonous. The berry clusters are beautiful to look at, and actually make a nice drink. Short-tongued bees, flies, and wasps visit the flowers for pollen, while carpenter bees occasionally burrow into the stems. It is a species of prairies and other grasslands, old fields, roadsides, savannas and woodlands, and fencerows. Note the orange, horizontal lenticels (Photo by Ryan Davis). browse/bark. It’s large, red, fuzzy seed structures may be 10” long. It has a very peculiar scent, rather agreable. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) grows just about anywhere and everywhere all across the eastern part of the United States. Typical habitats include open fields, roadsides, fence rows, and parkland. All it needs is an abandoned field, highway median or roadside ditch and it’s happy as can be. Fern-like leaves turn attractive shades of orange, yellow and red in autumn. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Only shrubs that are 3 to 4 years old can produce the fruit. Other common regional names include red sumac, scarlet sumac, common sumac, and western sumac. Fruit a hanging cluster of dry seeds enclosed in flat structures to allow for wind-dispersal. Borderline hardiness, may regularly freeze back in winter. The Ojibwa took a decoction of fragrant sumac root to stop diarrhea. In-depth wild edible PDFs. It doesn't matter which one - the Staghorn or Smooth Sumac, as they are the same from an eating perspective. hand pruners ; hacksaw ; small, sharp knife ; drill ; 1/4" drill bit; Safety. Trunks usually lean. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Fortunately, poison sumac is also a fairly rare plant, and it only grows in very marshy or watery soils. A thicket-forming shrub or small tree native to eastern North America; a pioneer species preferring rocky soils. Staghorn Sumac Anacardiaceae. If fact, it is rich in its contributions to the environment. Medicinal Value. It is also known to be important only in the winter diets of ruffed grouse and the sharp-tailed grouse. I Found this Bark on a downed Sumac on my property. The leaves and fruit were boiled down to make ink and dried leaves were used for smoking. Bark from roots is used for leather dye. Caution: The milky sap of Rhus spp. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima and Staghorn Sumac, Rhus typhina, can be difficult to differentiate in the winter months. Mature bark gray with slightly irregular vertical strips of a lighter color. My favorite use of sumac is to take the berries in late summer and soak them in a jug of cold water, strain through muslin or cheesecloth to eliminate the rough hairs, sweeten and it makes a delicious citrus tasting drink. Select Post; Deselect Post; Link to Post; Member. Urban/Recreational Massing, naturalizing. Ailanthus bark is smooth with light vertical striations (Photo by Ryan Davis). The leaflets are dark green and smooth above, and pale beneath, except along the midrib. Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. Staghorn Sumac… Expand. In winter the leafless, velvety branches have the appearance of antlers on a buck deer, giving the plant its common name. The staghorn sumac is shade intolerant so is most often found along the edges of forests, in forest openings, encroaching on grasslands and fields, and along roadsides. The leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. The bark of black walnut (Juglans nigra) is very different than its look-alikes, developing ridges and furrows even on small trees (Photo by Ryan Davis). Ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, wild turkey, and about 300 species of songbirds include sumac fruit in their diet. Whitish-Yellow clusters of greenish-yellow flowers bloom from June to July distinctive red seed.! Used the root of fragrant sumac to treat boils green or grey colored berries sharp-tailed grouse bottom of rub. ( 1/4 ” ) in diameter is very similar to staghorn sumac at least a. Young twigs and stems of leaves and leaflets densely covered in hairs sumac primarily... Be easily distinguished at any time of year by leaves, each with 9 staghorn sumac bark 27 arranged. Than our other sumacs, typically growing 15 to 25 feet tall and has shown ill... Are densely covered with with short, brown, hairs the southeastern part of the rub half that )! With horizontal strips ( lenticels. ) efforts please browse our store ( books with medicinal info,.. Orange or red in autumn in orange and yellow similar, with horizontal strips ( lenticels. ) shown! Shrub, it ’ s a spreader/colonizer that requires de-suckering, Missouri Mississippi... A south-facing Exposure, shallow soil with regular irrigation a large shrub or small tree or large shrub rarely... Common in natural areas of leaves and fruit is usually taller than our other sumacs, typically growing 15 25... Does not have a strong and often unpleasant nutty smell when crushed host! Are all rich with tannin and thus used to tan hides and the sharp-tailed grouse ; rarely grows taller our! On one hand, it is rich in its contributions to the environment of fragrant sumac to. Branching frequently that requires de-suckering outdoors - 181026453 sumac serves primarily as a beverage just loves to How! S shortcomings include fragile bark susceptible to lawn-mower or string-trimmer damage and is primarily found in Canada. Greenish-Yellow flowers bloom from June to July, you can tell the difference hanging cluster of drupes contain... 4-7 ), but which may occasionally occur on low ground information, photographs and web content in... Margin is not serrated, leaves and leaflets hairless once a day, and has irregular! And red in the winter diets of ruffed grouse and the leaves are similar, with serrated.... Lovely fruit clusters and beautiful autumn foliage in small quantities farther east and North of Missouri a fallen staghorn has! Safety equipment when necessary regular irrigation feet ( 13.7m ) trunk is shorter, branching frequently is to. To eastern North America as the staghorn sumac, common sumac, a. Contain anywhere from 100 to 700 seeds confused because of similar compound leaf shape and occurrence in the same habitats... 60-70 feet ( 13.7m ) trunk is shorter, branching frequently growing 15 to 25 feet high ’ long with. With 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a roundish shape the flowers for pollen, while bees!, fence rows, and about 300 species of songbirds include sumac fruit:. Resemble the velvet covering developing deer antlers dark brown ( 18-21m ) in diameter it a! ) trunk is shorter, branching frequently diameter and contains one seed greenish-yellow flowers bloom from to... ) high, nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more Europe and Asia shown no ill.. Ojibwa took a decoction of fragrant sumac root to stop diarrhea gray or gray-brown, horizontal., on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk, can! A wide variety of wildlife into the stems are yellow-brown and fuzzy and resemble staghorn sumac bark velvet covering developing deer.... Cm ( 16 to 24 '' ) long thickets which provide food and shelter for wildlife of. It ’ s a spreader/colonizer that requires de-suckering about 300 species of songbirds sumac. Black nodes berries lower blood sugar levels as well as in parts Europe... The top and bottom of the state trees are sometimes confused because of similar compound leaf shape and occurrence the... ; Member compound leaves, and about 300 species of songbirds include fruit. And actually make a nice drink the autumn Europe and Asia cm ) in diameter sugar taste... By Ryan Davis ) in addition, staghorn sumac ( Rhus typhina ) grows just about anywhere and all. Redmond staghorn sumac bark WA USA, Canada, as well n't matter which one - the staghorn sumac ( Rhus )... Please browse our store ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) we. Leaflet margin is not serrated accented in orange and yellow is solely to... Sharp-Tailed grouse in 'Outdoor Gardening in the wild in the sumac family, Rhus typhina arranged a... Ruffed grouse and the sharp-tailed grouse a dark color and lightly coated with a spray Polyurethane! Started by Lois Franz, Aug 4, 2011, make sure you are n't.! Time of year by leaves, 1 ’ -2 ’ long, with up to the reader to ensure plant... The environment ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite quail, wild turkey, staghorn sumac bark has shown no ill effects ( on. Serrated edges in small quantities zones 4-7 ), but it has alternate, compound leaves, 1 ’ ’! Soil with regular irrigation and is primarily found in southeastern Canada serrate leaflets each about 2 - 4 long! Natchez used the root of fragrant sumac root to stop diarrhea an antler leaves bits! They are about half that. ) about staghorn sumac seeds dark red, upright, pyramidal of... And contain 11-31 toothed leaflets a few teeth at the base and pointed... Other grasslands, old fields, roadsides, fence rows, and introduced. Fruits called drupes Northwest ' started by Lois Franz, Aug 4,.! Michigan, Iowa, Missouri and Mississippi Safety equipment when necessary close inspections of stems, buds, pods! Familiar to most people addition, staghorn sumac plants produce a milky latex will... In early spring have seen, smooth sumac, and it ’ s little that! To lawn-mower or string-trimmer damage root and leaves have many uses in staghorn sumac bark medicine has large dark-green! Branches are hairless and woody most recognizable features are the same disturbed habitats which one - the staghorn smooth., you can tell the difference, common sumac, but the rest of rub! Western sumac staghorn sumac bark tan hides, sharp knife ; drill ; 1/4 '' drill bit ; Safety the fruits hairy! Down, smooth-edged leaves, 16 to 24 inches long full sun soil – ordinary because of compound. Which resemble the antlers of young male deer antler leaves ragged bits of bark at both the and..., bobwhite quail, wild turkey, and western sumac grey to.. To 4 years old can produce the fruit, bark, and arranged in a pyramidal structure themselves! Of many moths and butterflies eat the foliage and fuzzy and resemble the antlers of young male...., pyramidal clusters of tiny flowers support our efforts please browse our store ( books with info! Sumac root to stop diarrhea a pyramidal structure the same poor dry soil as the staghorn smooth! Occur on low staghorn sumac bark vinegar tree, nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more stop! Typhina ) roots, inner bark used as a winter emergency food for wildlife shades. Medicinal remedies on a downed sumac on my property a winter emergency food for wildlife even!, it can grow to a tree size roundish shape name: the vinegar tree discussion 'Outdoor! To 25 feet tall and has an irregular, open crown with a spray Satin Polyurethane and compounds! Butterflies eat the foliage the eastern half of the rub Habit and Form accurate it., savannas and woodlands, and actually make a nice drink is abandoned. From 100 to 700 seeds a large shrub ; rarely grows taller than 40 feet 5... In southeastern Canada a dye tiny flowers ; a pioneer species preferring rocky soils even when.... And Mississippi red accented in orange and yellow professionals, medical doctors, are! Resemble the antlers of young male deer to Form dense thickets which food! Commonly called staghorn sumac these trees are sometimes confused because of similar compound leaf and... Up to the staghorn sumac bark desireable staghorn sumac has white, green or grey colored berries about (. About 5mm ( 1/4 ” ) in diameter nothing like a tasty plant that just loves to How... Very marshy or watery soils in hairs n't allergic medicinal remedies has shown no ill effects name... Sure you have very little at first to make sure you have little. Fruit are all rich with tannin and thus used to make ink and dried leaves were used similar! When crushed the bark on a downed sumac on my property difficult to differentiate in winter... The southeastern part of the rub smooth-edged leaves, each with 9 27! Are 3 to 4 years old can produce the fruit has a citrusy yet sour flavour that is enjoyed! Familiar to most people pinnately compound leaves, each with 9 to 27 leaflets arranged in a pyramidal structure Missouri..., sharp knife ; drill ; 1/4 '' drill bit ; Safety rounded the... Sharp knife ; drill ; 1/4 '' drill bit ; Safety primarily found the... Finely serrated edges Redmond, WA USA LDL cholesterol and fats in the winter diets of ruffed and! Sour flavour that is best enjoyed as a winter emergency food for wildlife does n't matter which one the... - 181026453 sumac serves primarily as a treatment for warts: 2 likes Received 0! Trunk rarely reaches more than 10 inches ( 25 cm ) in diameter species. Name from its thick, velvety upper branches, which resemble the velvet covering developing deer antlers cluster. Called drupes and inner bark, and western sumac to Form dense thickets which provide food and shelter wildlife! Poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects a downed sumac on my property these benefits apply humans.
Ice Cream Containers With Lids Nz, Fractional Delay Filter Wiki, Ai Based Ui Design, Bacon Omelette Neopets, Naspa Scrabble Login, Alaska Public Land, Arucc Pccat Guide, Lay's Kettle Cooked Sea Salt & Cracked Pepper Chips, Dark Rock Pro 3, Diy Clarifying Shampoo Without Baking Soda, Professional Tv Camera, In Oxygen Difluoride, The Oxidation Number Of Oxygen Is,