There are 7 to nine 9 on each stalk. Today almost all hickory trees in Johnson County live on the uplands. Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight, though occasionally wavy, with a medium texture. Even though, it is difficult to identify different hickory species on the basis of tree height, there are certain factors that may help you in this task. Shellbark Hickory Tree Largest of All Hickories. Shellbark Hickory - Carya laciniosa - OKI Habitat/Niche. The shellbark grows in moist bottomlands and wet forests. Boards with contrasting heartwood and sapwood create a somewhat rustic appearance that’s sometimes marketed as Calico Hickory. The rachis is stout and may be tomentose. The actual range is significant and extends from western New York through southern Michigan to southeast Iowa, south through eastern Kansas into northern Oklahoma, and eastward through Tennessee into Pennsylvania. The rachis is stout and may be tomentose. For example, the mockernut hickory has a leaf with a total length of 8 inches to 20 inches along the central stem, which botanists refer to as a rachis. Responds well to steam bending. Additionally, Hickory is also used as charcoal in cooking meat, with the smoke imparting additional flavor to the food. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. On average, Hickory is denser, stiffer, and harder than either White Oak or Hard Maple. While this tree will grow on sites with average moisture, it is also well suited for wetter bottomland. Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound with 5 to 9 (usually 7 leaflets), 15 to 24 inches long, each leaflet obovate to lanceolate, dark-green above, paler and tomentose below. Identification Comments General Description. This hickory grows up to 75–100 feet tall with a 50–75-foot width. The wood is commonly used where strength or shock-resistance is important. Data Source and References for Carya laciniosa (shellbark hickory) from the USDA PLANTS database It is frequently found in the great river swamps of central Missouri and the Wabash River region in Indiana and Ohio. (self-fertile) (zones 5-8) Shagbark hickory bark pulls away younger with shorter, wider plates. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Shellbark hickory requires moister situations than do pignut, mockernut, or shagbark hickories (Carya glabra, C. tomentosa, or C. ovata), although it is sometimes found on dry, sandy soils. The shellbark hickory has smooth gray bark with large plates and narrow grooves in between. Carya laciniosa, the shellbark hickory, in the Juglandaceae or walnut family is also called shagbark hickory, bigleaf shagbark hickory, kingnut, big, bottom, thick, or western shellbark, attesting to some of its characteristics.It is a slow-growing, long-lived tree, hard to transplant because of its long taproot, and subject to insect damage. Shellbark hickory resembles shagbark hickory in appearance. The wood is commonly used where strength or shock-resistance is important. Shagbark hickory trees grow in various environments, although they thrive in drained areas. Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of shellbark hickory. Hickory prices should compare similarly to other utility hardwoods such as Red Oak or Soft Maple. i was given a piece of 2” x 6”’x 12” and will try to make cooking utensils out of it. The tree will bear nuts in 10-12 years and bears annually, although generally not heavily. The Shagbark Hickory is botanically called Carya ovata. Shellbark Hickory. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. Grows 60 to 80 ft. tall with a straight, … The bark is moderately thick, light gray, forming long, thick plates with the ends curving away from the trunk, very similar to shagbark hickory. The leaves are a medium shade of … The bark is light to dark gray and peels off in long shaggy strips like shagbark hickory. Big shellbark hickory can grow to be a large tree more than 100 feet tall. Attractive tree that tolerates many soil types. Workability: Difficult to work, with tearout being common during machining operations if cutting edges are not kept sharp; the wood tends to blunt cutting edges. Shellbark Hickory Tree Identification. The word hickory is an aphetic form from earlier pohickory, short for even earlier pokahickory, borrowed from the Virginia Algonquian word pawcohiccora, hickory-nut meat or a milky drink made from it. Leaves are alternate, compound, 12–24 inches long, with 7 leaflets; each leaflet 5–9 inches long, oval, broadest above the middle, edges finely toothed, dark green. Shellbark hickory has light grey smooth bark when young but turning to flat plates in maturity, pulling away from the trunk and bending away on both ends. Shellbark Hickory falls into the True-Hickory grouping, and is considered to be a ring-porous wood. It has a deep taproot, so it is difficult to transplant. Other names for this tree are Carolina Hickory, Scalybark Hickory, Upland Hickory, and Shellbark Hickory, with older binomial names of Carya ovata var. The strength characteristics of Hickory are influenced considerably by the spacing of its growth rings. The leaflets are light green, short and rounded, with pointed tips, and grow 5 or 7 to a rachis. Uses: Many products where high strength is required such as handles and ladders. Common Uses: Tool handles, ladder rungs, wheel spokes, flooring, etc. The shellbark hickory, Carya laciniosa, is a shaggy gray-bark species. The wood is hard, heavy, strong, and very flexible, making it a favored wood for tool handles. It's a sturdy tree with shaggy bark. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The shagbark hickory tree (Carya ovata) is a recognizable and easily identifiable type of hickory tree due to its characteristic shaggy bark that appears to be peeling off the trunk. Carya laciniosa. shagbark hickory Juglandaceae Carya ovata (Mill.) Related Species: Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis) Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa) Nutmeg Hickory (Carya myristiciformis) Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra) Shellbark Hickory (Carya laciniosa) The crown is oblong to rounded. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Shellbark Hickory. The Shellbark Hickory at Stratford Hall is estimated at over 350 years old. The shortest among the hickory species is shellbark, with a height of around 30 to 60 feet, and a trunk diameter of one to three feet. Additionally, Hickory is also used as charcoal in cooking meat, with the smoke imparting additional flavor to the food. With regard to the fruit of these two species, shellbark hickory tends to have much larger husks and nuts. The trunk is usually straight and free of branches in the lower half. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be light to medium brown, with a reddish hue; sapwood is a paler yellowish brown. In addition to strength and hardness applications, the wood of Carya species also has a very high thermal energy content when burned, and is sometimes used as fuelwood for wood stoves. Identification. In general, wood from faster-growing trees, with wider spaced growth rings, tends to be harder, heavier, and stronger than wood from slower-growing trees that have rings which are closer together. Unfortunately, shellbark hickory trees are becoming rarer to find in their natural habitat. Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org, Mockernut Hickory, A Common Tree in North America, Identify Common Major Hickory Species in North America, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, Slippery Elm, A Common Tree in North America, Black Oak, a Common Tree in North America, Butternut, a Common Tree in North America, Scarlet Oak, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, The Most Common North American Hardwood Trees, White Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Water Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Black Willow, a Common Tree in North America, Black Locust, a Common Tree in North America, Southern Red Oak, a Common Tree in North America, American Beech, a Common Tree in North America, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). The tree is more typically associated with bottomland sites or similarly with sites with rich soil. Carya laciniosa (shellbark hickory or kingnut hickory) Three species of Carya found in the southeastern U.S. appear to be similar in that they have shaggy bark. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Comments: Hickory is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to the United States. The bark of this tree is similar to that of the Shagbark Hickory, but often not quite as shaggy. OK-here comes the native plant horticulturist to bore and annoy the hell out of everyone. The fruit is larger than other hickories in Ohio. Twig: Stout, yellowish brown, usually glabrous, numerous lenticels, leaf scar three-lobed; terminal bud elongated (larger than shagbark) with numerous persistent, brown scales. Shagbark hickory is typically an upland species, whereas shellbark hickory is typically a bottomland species though their respective habitats tend to overlap with modest frequency. It is much larger in proportion, however, and some intermediate trees are thought to be C. x dunbarii which is a hybrid of the two species. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. The Shellbark Hickory is a high-branching tree with a straight, slender trunk and a narrow, oblong crown. Identify a Shagbark hickory (Carya ovata). Shellbark hickory grows best on deep, fertile, moist soils, most typical of the order Alfisols. According to the United States Forest Service publication  This species is most prominent in the lower Ohio River region and south along the Mississippi River to central Arkansas. This hickory species has thick twigs, sweet nuts, and leaves with seven or nine leaflets. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Comments: Hickory is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to the United States. The nuts produced are edible. However, their habitat and other characteristics are different. Hurricane Floyd took the top half of this tree but it still stands as a silent witness to history found at this significant historical, cultural and architectural landmark You may find bitternut, mockernut, and pignut hickory trees with a similar trunk diameter, but a height of around 50 to 70 feet. Shellbark Hickory Tree Largest of All Hickories. This long-lived tree acquires striking, peeling bark with age. Native Trees of Southwestern Ontario including pictures of white birch, blue beech, bitternut hickory, pignut hickory, big shellbark hickory, shagbark hickory, chestnut, hackberry, redbud and alternate-leaved dogwood. Shellbark hickory has light grey smooth bark when young but turning to flat plates in maturity, pulling away from the trunk and bending away on both ends. The Shellbark Hickory Tree is similar to the Shagbark hickory tree in its bark, though it is not as shaggy. Shellbark Hickory bark: Carya laciniosa. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Juglandales > Juglandaceae > Carya laciniosa - a member of the walnut family of trees. You probably know them well – shagbark, bitternut, mockernut, maybe occasionally pignut. Common names are from state and federal lists. K. Koch symbol: CAOV2 Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 8 to 14 inches long with 5 (sometimes 7) leaflets, lateral leaflets are obovate to lanceolate, terminal leaflets are much larger than the laterals, margins serrate and ciliate, rachis stout and mostly glabrous; green above and paler below. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. Leaves on a shellbark – or king bark hickory tree range in size between one and one-eighth of an inch long to a little over two and a half inches long. When you consider the size of a hickory leaf, take into account the individual leaflets and the length of the stem they're attached to. Prices are usually in the low to mid range, depending upon local availability. But once upon a time there was also a floodplain species, the shellbark hickory. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Shagbark hickory bark pulls away younger with shorter, wider plates. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy - loamy, well-drained soils. f.) G. Don symbol: CALA21 Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound with 5 to 9 (usually 7 leaflets), 15 to 24 inches long, each leaflet obovate to lanceolate, dark-green above, paler and tomentose below. Shellbark hickory commonly grows in association with American (Ulmus americana), slippery (U. rubra), and winged elms (U. alata), white (Fraxinus americana) and green ash (F pennsylvanica), basswood (Tilia americana), American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), red maple (Acer rubrum), blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica), sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), and cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Shellbark Hickory Carya laciniosa. The nuts are large and sweet. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. It was a little picky about its requirements, needing a lot of water and yet reasonably good drainage for its roots. Shagbark hickory may grow to a height o… Rot Resistance: Considered to be non-durable to perishable regarding heartwood decay, and also very susceptible to insect attack. Shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa) is also called big shagbark hickory, bigleaf shagbark hickory, kingnut, big shellbark, bottom shellbark, thick shellbark, and western shellbark, attesting to some of its characteristics. This hickory features larger sized nuts than other types, and can generally be found in wet, fertile bottomland areas. shellbark hickory Juglandaceae Carya laciniosa (Michx. Juglandaceae (walnuts) Description : Shellbark hickory is a large tree with short, stout limbs, narrow crown, and shaggy bark. The nuts, largest of all hickory nuts, are sweet and edible. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 48 lbs/ft3 (770 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .62, .77, Modulus of Rupture: 18,100 lbf/in2 (124.8 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,890,000 lbf/in2 (13.03 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,000 lbf/in2 (55.2 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 7.6%, Tangential: 12.6%, Volumetric: 19.2%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. It's not tolerant of alkaline soils or drought conditions, salt spray or salty soils and needs a big area of well-draining soil. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 m (99 ft) high. Shagbark and shellbark hickories are similar, but named for differences in their bark. Name. Pores are medium-sized and open. The individual leaflets are 2 inches to 8 inches long. Another hickory species, the shellbark, owns very long leaves, with the rachis up to 22 inches long. Lumber, cabinets, flooring, furniture. This is a big tree and it prefers wet, fertile bottomland. Pricing/Availability: Various species of Hickory and Pecan (Carya genus) are typically mixed together and simply sold as Hickory. It does not thrive in heavy clay soils but grows well on heavy loams or silt loams. Tasty, thin-shelled nuts split on their own when fully ripe, with a flavor similar to pecans. Shellbark Hickory falls into the True-Hickory grouping, and is considered to be a ring-porous wood. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Shellbark hickory is a large tree with shaggy bark and good yellow fall color. Other Common Names/Trade Names: None. Yes, Shagbark Hickory and Shellbark are distinctly seperate species, and are officially taxonomically recognized as such. But shellbark generally has 7 leaflets rather than 5, and shellbark's leaves do … Specific nutrient requirements are not known, but generally the hickories grow best on neutral or slightly alkaline soils. A large tree reaching heights of 60' to 100' and a diameter of up to 24"; irregular, round-topped crown; trunk is frequently divided. On average, Hickory is denser, stiffer, and harder than either White Oak or Hard Maple. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Wildlife and people harvest most of them; those remaining produce seedling trees readily. shellbark (kingnut) hickory: streambanks, bottomland forests: Carya ovalis red hickory: ridge and slope forests: Carya ovata shagbark hickory: wide variety of habitats, well-drained slope forests: Carya palida sand hickory : Carya tomentosa mockernut hickory: dry ridges and slopes: Scientific Name: Carya ovata Best Characteristics for Identification: Obvious, abundant banded parenchyma, ring porous, tyloses. DEA/C.SAPPA/Getty Images. It is very similar to the beautiful shagbark hickory or Carya ovata and has a range more limited and central distribution than shagbark. It is a slow-growing long-lived tree, hard to transplant because of its long taproot, and subject to insect damage. General Natural Range: Wisconsin south to eastern Texas to the Atlantic coast. Shellbark Hickory occurs on neutral-alkaline alluvial terraces, occasionally flooded neutral-alkaline flood plains, neutral-alkaline glacial outwash, weakly acidic (6.5+PH) to alkaline glacial till or bedrock soils (residuum) of the same PH range. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are green. Shellbark produces the largest and sweetest of hickory nuts. Shellbark hickory is has a sizable range and distribution but is not a common tree in large number on specific sites. Strong, and very flexible, making it a favored wood for tool handles, ladder rungs, wheel,! Does not thrive in heavy clay soils but grows well on heavy loams or silt loams click on a name. Drought conditions, salt spray or salty soils and needs a big and... That ’ s sometimes marketed as Calico hickory well suited for wetter bottomland © 2008-2020 Eric Meier all... Red Oak or Soft Maple flavor to the shagbark hickory tree is to. 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Insect damage and public forest lands uses: tool handles heavy clay soils grows... In moist bottomlands and wet forests heavy, strong, and grow 5 or 7 to rachis... Because of its growth rings bark is light to medium brown, with a straight, Identify.