The calyx surrounding the base of a flower is light green, 4 lobed, and much shorter than the floral tube. Leaves are simple and opposite, occasionally whorled in 3s, egg-shaped to oblong-elliptic, 2½ to 6 inches long, 1 to 2¾ inches wide with a sharply pointed tip, and rounded to tapering at the base. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! It is a relatively fast-growing plant that will rebound quickly. buttonbush a popular choice for use in native plant gardens, shrub borders, and along pond shores and water gardens. Buttonbush is a US native shrub with so much to offer. You can most definitely add this as a county record for Anoka County. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Why Do My Knock Out Rose Bushes Have Rose Rosette? See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Gulf Fritillary Butterfly Feeding on Buttonbush Flower. Simply plant your buttonbush shrub in a moist place. The fruiting head is ¾ to 1 inch diameter at maturity and usually persists through I know, I know, I know! The interesting summer blooms, which look like spiky ping pong balls, have earned the plant the monikers of Spanish pincushion, globeflower, honeyball or little snowball. The buttonbush, dogwood and viburnum bloom in spring or summer; the blue berries of Viburnum dentatum are beautiful in fall while the red berries of winterberry persist through the winter… This North American native is suitable for growing in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 10. Lateral buds are embedded in the bark and appear as a swelling or small pimple above a leaf scar. The plant tolerates water as deep as 3 feet. Photo by Matthew Beziat. Buttonbush doesn’t require pruning, but if it becomes unruly, you can cut it to the ground in early spring. Buttonbush seed heads. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Fragrant, 1 inch wide white to pink flowers arrive in spring. An adaptable shrub, buttonbush is happy as long as the soil is moist. If you’re thinking about planting a rain garden, growing buttonbush is a great idea. Buttonbush is a coarse twiggy shrub in winter and is one of the last shrubs to leaf out in spring, a strategy to miss spring floods an mud covered leaves. Buttonbush shrubs love garden ponds, rain ponds, river banks, swamps or just about any site that is consistently wet. Native to the Chicago area and the eastern United States, buttonbush attracts more than 24 species of birds, as well as numerous species of butterflies. The fruiting head is ¾ to 1 inch diameter at maturity and usually persists through winter. The persistent fruits provide winter interest. If Buttonbush gets too dense, it can be cut back to the ground in late fall to early spring to rejuvenate. Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Madder family (Rubiaceae) Description: This woody shrub is usually 3-8' tall, but sometimes reaches 20' and achieves the stature of a small tree. Buttonbush is a unique plant that thrives in moist locations. An ideal height for the buttonbush as a landscaping plant would be 6-8 feet, naturally spreading as high as the plant is tall. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Blooms are extremely rich in nectar and attract butterflies and other insects. Photo by Barry Breckling and photo by Neal Kramer used under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. The glossy green leaves and fragrant, round flower clusters during mid-summer attract butterflies. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Houston County and a private garden. Buttonbush plant care? Nutlets are thick-walled and leathery, ¼ to 3/8 inch long, each section containing a single seed. When it does leaf out, it is a luxurious green with a somewhat tropical appearance. Round clusters ¾ to 1 inch in diameter densely packed with 100 to 200 flowers. Winter has finally arrived. Edges are toothless and may be fringed with minute hairs. If left untended, common buttonbush could grow as high as 20 feet. The lower branches become woody and brown, while new growth is green or red. Buttonbush Cute as a button and hardy as can be, the sun-loving and showy Buttonbush is an unmistakable bird and butterfly magnet, easily distinguished by its pincushion-like flowerheads. Habitat. Lower stems are up to 4 inches diameter. The winter aspect is quite open. Pale, fragrant flowers shaped like pincushions. Your Name: Flower buds form on long stalkt that hang like ornament all over the se shrubs. This should also mean an abundance of food for wildlife this winter. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) Food and Cover for Birds, Bees, and Mammals. How to Grow Cephalanthus occidentalus Plants. At the base of the stalk is a pair of triangular appendages (stipules) about 1/8 inch long. Full sun is preferred, but the plant tolerates partial sunlight too. Common buttonbush produces spherical buttons of white flowers amidst its opposite, shiny green leaves. https://www.hortmag.com/plants-we-love-2/buttonbush-the-shrub-that-has-it-all Ideal for cut flowers. Your email address: (required) A wonderful butterfly magnet, Cephalanthus occidentalis (Button Bush) is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub of lax and loose, rounded habit. Plants For Riparian Areas – Tips For Planning A Riparian Garden, Hot Water And Plant Growth: Effects Of Pouring Hot Water On Plants, Crummock Plant Info – Tips For Growing And Harvesting Skirret Vegetables, The Act Of Giving – Crafty Ways To Give Back, Grateful To Give Back: Sharing The Garden With Others In Need, We’re All In This Together - Passing On Gratitude In The Garden, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables. across (4 cm). An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Sign up for our newsletter. Growing buttonbush along riverbanks or other riparian environments provides seeds for geese, ducks and shorebirds, and songbirds like to nest in the foliage. Common buttonbush is found in the middle of the easternmost-facing row of the botanical garden. This is also a good time to explore some area wetlands. This highly ornamental deciduous shrub or small tree (about 6-12 feet tall at maturity with a spread of 4-8 feet) sports glossy, dark green leaves that can turn yellow or streak with crimson before dropping in the winter. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Pick an image for a larger view. Buttonbush is a beneficial plant in many ways. Projecting from the tube is a long, straight, white style surrounded by 4 short stamens, giving the cluster a pincushion-like appearance. Easily grown in moist, humusy soils in full sun to part shade. I am in the process of submitting the specimen. They are very well rooted, very much alive plants that I did as cuttings in the winter of 2013/2014. There are scattered populations in Arizona, New Mexico, southern California, and northern Mexico. Buttonbush is a deciduous shrub that is native to much of the USA and is found in all areas of NC. The mid-summer aspect is a green mound with white flower balls, looking sorta tropical. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; wet; floodplains, river banks, shores, marshes, swamps. For an attractive, fragrant and native shrub, look no further than Sugar Shack Buttonbush. Nutlets that last throughout winter, and which If youre thinking about planting a rain garden, growing buttonbush is a great idea. Buttonbush is known by a number of alternate names including button willow, pond dogwood, swampwood or button wood. The plants in the picture look like dead sticks. Buttonbush garners looks of interest from butterflies and neighbors alike. Buttonbush is happiest if you leave it alone and let the shrub just do its thing. Buttonbush is great shrub for naturalizing in wet areas. Some references note 2 varieties, var. If you purchase the plant from a nursery, you’ll get what you’re looking for if you refer to the plant by its scientific name – Cephalanthus occidentalis. It is adapted to shorelines and swamps with saturated soil and full sunlight and will tolerate water depths up to three feet. Buttonbush can actually grow in water and in boggy areas or soils that stay wet. The Latin name of the genus means "head" (Cephal-) and "flower" (-anthos). Main stems are typically multiple from base, often forming colonies from root suckers, and have a rounded but irregular crown. The Buttonbush likes water. What distinguishes the lovely Buttonbrush? Common Buttonbush in Calvert Co., Maryland (6/23/2019). Where in Minnesota? The leaf stalk is hairless and up to ¾ inch long. Winter Buttonbush Posted on January 10, 2018 by Sheila Creighton • Posted in Art • Tagged branches , contrast , copyright , London , Nature , Ontario , photography , snow , Westminster Ponds , winter • 2 Comments Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Buttonbush is a unique plant that thrives in moist locations. White-tailed deer browse foliage in the northeastern United States. I’ll prove it to you. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) has fragrant, white, spherical-shaped flowers that bloom in June, followed by round, button-like fruits enclosing small nutlets, which persist into winter. occidentalis with mostly hairless leaves, but these are not recognized in Minnesota. The plant tolerates water as deep as 3 feet. I've got photos if you want verification. The buttonbush will thrive in wet conditions, even in standing water where it can be challenging to find and plant highly ornamental shrubs. Deciduous, Buttonbush drops all leaves in winter to reveal the nutlet seed clusters that attract the hungry winter birds. The upper surface is hairless, dark green and shiny, the lower surface paler, sometimes with sparse hairs on major veins. Basically, just be sure the soil is never dry. Thanks for your understanding. Buttonbush planting is a cinch. A coarse shrub or small tree, Buttonbush is distinctive when either flowering or fruiting; the pincushion-like flower clusters or balls of nutlets make it easy to identify. A flower develops into a cone-shaped, 2-sectioned nutlet, the calyx persisting at the tip and turning from green to reddish to dark reddish-brown with age. (Chelsea Update would like to thank Tom Hodgson and the Waterloo Natural History Association for the information and photos in this column.) Buttonbush occurs in swamps, ponds, and stream banks throughout Florida. It attracts many pollinators and has gained some interest in the nursery trade, though requires adequate moisture and continued pruning to maintain a pleasing form and to keep the root suckers under control. The native bog plant is an excellent choice for wet areas and rain gardens. Wildlife: Waterfowl and shorebirds consume the seeds of common buttonbush. Buttonbush (USDA Cold Hardiness Zones 5 to 11) boasts a broad natural range that extends as far north as New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Ontario, south to Florida, and west to Nebraska and Texas. It forms a dense stand and its swollen plant base stabilizes the plant, which helps with erosion control. Photo by Bill Hubick. Photos by K. Chayka taken in a private garden. Older bark becomes gray-brown and flaking. A native small tree found in wetlands from Minnesota to Florida and from New England to California, buttonbush can reach 8 to 15 feet tall and is often wider than it is tall. Globeflower Care: Growing Globeflowers In The Garden, Canada Goose Control: How To Keep The Geese Out Of The Garden, Dividing Plants As Gifts – Giving Plant Divisions To Friends, Regional To-Do List: December Tasks For Central States, Hard-To-Shop-For Gardeners: Ideas For Unconventional Garden Gifts. This really does work, in the dead of winter, outside in the cold, snow and freezing weather. It can grow as a tree up to 20 feet but is usually a small shrub up to 12 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Those who have been waiting for safe ice for fishing and skating will soon be able to rejoice. pubescens with hairy leaves and var. The persistent fruits give the plant some winter interest. Hardwood cuttings, rooted and ready to be potted up. Cutting back to control size and shape does not damage the plant--severe pruning stimulates new growth. Flowers are white, trumpet shaped, about 1/3 inch long with 4 slightly spreading lobes, sometimes 5. The flowers on a buttonbush tree attract butterflies, moths, bees, and even hummingbirds. Its year-round interest, low maintenance requirements and value to wildlife make this a winner in any garden! It branches frequently and has a bushy appearance. Common Buttonbush in winter in Carroll Co., Maryland (12/7/2013). Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Prune it into a small multi-trunked tree to reveal the curly bark of its young stems and the punctuated pale spots of its older stems. But they are not. The buttonbush is a flowering member of the coffee family, with a native range from Florida to Mexico and north to Nova Scotia and Ontario, and will be found in wet marshy areas, shorelines and the borders of forests. Deer snack on the twigs and leaves, however (fair warning if you want to grow buttonbush in your garden!). The stems and branches can twist and become dense and tangled. Sugar Shack takes on all the qualities of the larger, native shrub, but in a smaller size and with glossy foliage. They give way to maroon seedheads that lend interest in winter. A common shrub in the eastern half of North America as well as the southern border states and into northern California, it's found in a wide range of wet habitats, but in Minnesota, where it reaches the edge of its eastern range, it is mostly restricted to floodplains of the Mississippi and St. Croix rivers with few populations on or near lake shores. Buttonbush shrubs love garden ponds, rain ponds, river banks, swamps or just about any site that is consistently wet. This four-season shrub adapts easily to various soil types and provides essential food to bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. It is a favorite of conservationists wishing to stabilize riparian zones and prevent erosion. It is used for native habitat, erosion control and ornamental properties. If plants become unmanageable, however, they may be cut back near to the ground in early spring to revitalize. Pincushion, golfball sized flowers resemble viruses--perfect for the pandemic. This distant relative of coffee (family Rubiaceae) grows in wetland areas. Seeds are elliptic to cone-shaped, brown with a whitish, fleshy appendage at the tip. Ducks and other waterfowl eat the seeds. In sun, it takes on a handsome form that recomends it to the formal gardener. These insects and birds feed on the nectar produced by the flowers. Really, there isn’t any – the plant doesn’t like to be fussed over. Buttonbush is a plant of streamsides and pond edges, sometimes even growing in shallow standing water. Grows very well in wet soils, including flood conditions and shallow standing water. Pruning is usually not necessary, but may be done in early spring to shape. By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Read on for buttonbush plant info, including a few tips for buttonbush plant care. The leaves are usually opposite, although sometimes they occur in whorls of 3. Buttonbush usually blooms every summer, but conditions must be just right this year as it is producing blossoms in profusion. Twigs are green to reddish with scattered whitish lenticels (pores). Buttonbush grows as a shrub or small tree. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Read on for buttonbush plant info, including a few tips for buttonbush plant care. I found a nice large population of buttonbush on the margin of a depressional wetland on Peltier Island in Lino Lakes while visiting the rookery with City staff a few years back. Adapts to a wide range of soils except dry ones. This plant is deciduous, losing its leaves for 1 or 2 months in winter. It typically grows to 10 or 20 feet tall. This shrub is deciduous, losing its leaves in the winter. Every week I remind you in this column this plant or that must have good drainage, especially to survive the winter… In early summer to early fall, it boasts long-lasting, unusual, spherical flower heads, 1.5 in. An amazing source of nectar, attracting butterflies and hummingbirds. Songbirds, hummingbirds and butterflies are plentiful when a buttonbush shrub is in the neighborhood. Buttonbush has showy flowers and fruits. Clusters are single at the ends of stalks up to 4 inches long at branch tips and arising from upper leaf axils. In a yard, a buttonbush does well in a low place which naturally collects water or in a rain garden intentionally designed to catch it. Common Buttonbush blooming in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/25/2019). The Berzelia Buttonbush Rose produces clusters of white flowers in late winter to spring which change to pink and red through the season. Surrounding the base of the USA and is found in all areas of NC multi-stemmed, shrub. 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